Information on how to install LedStore lights and how to set up control methods
Most of the LedStore lights are mains-powered and should be installed by a professional electrician. Plug-in drivers and luminaires can be plugged into a socket without any problems. The consumer can do the work himself, provided he is familiar enough with the subject (12V, 24V).
In this article, we will explain the installation of the different types of products and how to control the luminaires (wired, wireless, smart control).
The lamp shop Led Store Ltd manufactures/manufactures and imports all the products it sells, so customers can turn to LedStore for all product related questions. Most of the products are LedStore branded. For transformers, we rely on Mean Well products for the majority of our products. We also do measurement and installation visits for consumer and business customers.
Installation photo showing the vapour barrier and brackets.
Installation of LED spotlights on the ceiling
For flush-mounted spots, a mounting hole is cut, to which the spot is tightly fixed with springs. The spot models 9W and 15W directional and fixed round and square, known as Kantti, as well as the BJ033 spot can be daisy-chained with the Triac dimmable power supply supplied with the spot. The ModLed spot model also has a chainable junction box, the power supply is built into the module. If required, the power supply can be removed from the spot's mounting hole for maintenance. Care should be taken with the size of the mounting hole, as the spot collar is quite narrow on some of our models. We therefore recommend that you order a model lamp first, or check the size of the mounting hole with us before drilling the holes.
The power supply included with the 9W and 15W spots is 110x50x35mm. There is no need to install a protective cover or other fire protection on the ceiling, as the good thing about LEDs is their low running temperature (around 50-60 degrees). The operating temperature is much lower than in incandescent or halogen lamps, for example, because the light output is based on intense heat. 15W spots and 8W ModLed spots run hotter than 9W spots, so 50 degrees is exceeded, but there is no fire risk with them either. LedStore spots have a cast aluminium body that efficiently conducts heat away along the entire body of the fixture. This keeps the fixture cool enough to last a long time.
The product information for each luminaire specifies the recess depth, i.e. the space required to install the spot, measured from the bottom of the plasterboard. Our most common model (directional 9W spotlight, 033) has a depth of 55 mm. The product can be mounted directly onto wood or plaster, but we recommend leaving some air on top of the module. Even 1-2 centimetres is enough for a "ventilation reserve". The luminaire must not be installed directly against vapour barrier plastic or wool.
Due to the construction of the top floor, there is usually a vapour barrier behind the plaster or panel, as seen from the room side, with an insulator such as wool on top. In this case, a piece of plasterboard, for example, left over from drilling a hole, must be placed between the insulation and the vapour barrier. In this way, the insulation will not push the luminaire downwards. It is also not advisable to install an LED inside a piece of insulation, even if the operating temperature is considerably lower than that of a halogen, for example. The more space the luminaire has to cool down, the cooler it will run, and the cooler the LED runs, the longer it will last. The power supplies are separate from the spot, which extends their lifetime because they are separate from the warming light source.
Because spotlights are low-profile, no tall columns are needed for installation. A traditional "two-by-two" or a cross bracing with 22mm board will suffice. So 49x49mm collimation + 13mm plaster = 62mm mounting space is enough for almost all our spot models.
Recessed LED panels and LED ceilings
Installation of led panel luminaires on ceilings
It is also easy to install LED panel lights on the ceiling. Especially if space is limited, the panel is a good choice. Typically, a mounting depth of no more than 22 mm is required for a panel. For flush-mounted panel luminaires, a square mounting hole is cut in the panel and a circular one in the ceiling, to which the luminaire is tightly fixed with springs. The rectangular panels have four springs, the largest 600x1200 panel has six springs and the circular plafonds have two springs. The power supply in all panel luminaires fits through the mounting hole for maintenance. The panel luminaire itself can also serve as a service hatch for other lighting devices. As a tip for sawing a square hole, especially in flat plaster ceilings, it is a good idea to use, for example, a line laser to ensure that the holes are straight. In our largest panel, 600x1200, the straightness of the roof also plays a role in the success of the installation. In older houses, for example, where lighting is being replaced during renovation, there is a risk that the panel will not lay flat.
For panels from size 300 upwards, 50 mm high surface mounting frames are also available for purchase separately. For round panels, a surface mounting frame is available for model 240. The surface plafonds Surface 160, 280 and 380 are available with a fixed surface mounting frame. These have the transformers fixed in the luminaire body. The surface-mounted plafonds also require a professional electrician for installation, as they do not include a lighting socket. Surface mounted panel luminaires can be found in their own category: surface mounted led panel
For smaller panel lights up to size 240 (diameter mm), the standard power supply size is 110x40x25mm. For larger panel lights 600x600, 300x1200 and 600x1200 the power supply size increases. As with spotlights, there is no need to install a protective cover or other fire protection on the ceiling to install the LED panel, as the advantage of LEDs is their low temperature (around 50 degrees Celsius). The operating temperature is much lower than, for example, in incandescent or halogen lamps, where the light output is based on intense heat. LedStore's panels have a cast or framed aluminium frame, and an aluminium backplate, which effectively conducts heat away from the LED circuits that circulate around the perimeter of the luminaire. This keeps the luminaire cool enough to last for a long time.
The product information for each luminaire specifies the recess depth, i.e. the space required to install the panel, measured from the bottom of the plasterboard. The product can be installed directly onto wood or plaster without risk of fire, but we recommend leaving some air on top of the panel or supporting the insulation upwards. 1-2 centimetres is sufficient. Due to the construction of the crawl space, usually the vapour barrier is the first to go. In this case, it is advisable to insert a transverse board or plasterboard, for example, between the insulation and the vapour barrier, if you suspect that the vapour barrier will not withstand the heat, or that the wool will sag. It is not advisable to install an LED inside a vapour barrier or other loose insulation, even if its operating temperature is considerably lower than that of, for example, halogen. The more space the luminaire has to cool down, the cooler it will run, and the cooler the LED runs, the longer it will last. The power supplies are separate from the transformer, and there is a connecting cable of about 20 cm to 40 cm between the panel and the transformer, depending on the panel. The transformer can be left on top of the panel, or placed to the side of the panel. With an additional cable, the transformer can also be led away from the luminaire.
As panel luminaires are low profile, no tall column is required. A traditional "two-by-two" or cross-stranding with 22mm board is sufficient. So 49x49mm collimation + 13mm plaster = 62mm mounting space is enough for all our panel designs.
Each luminaire comes with its own power supply, except for LED strips, where the transformer is selected according to the length of the LED strip required and the desired control mode. The power supplies for LED spotlights, LED spotlight kits and track lighting, UPPOAVA series and surface-mounted LED panels and LED ceiling lights are dimmable.
The power supplies of LedStore's flush-mount spots and panels are chainable. CCT, i.e. colour temperature adjustable power supplies (DC power supplies) have a colour temperature selection switch on the side or after the power supply, as well as a chainable junction box. The junction boxes are either separate from the power supply or in the same housing as the power supply, as shown in the figure below. The colour temperature control on the side of the power supply, on the primary side, must not be adjusted when the luminaire is energised, as this will damage the luminaire. In models where the control is separate from the power supply, the lamp may be switched on when the colour temperature is adjusted.
Measurements for old drivers (length, width, height)
- Panel/plafond 120, 76x33x22mm
- Panel/plafond 200, 96x38x22mm
- ”UPPOAVA” Plafond 160 ja 240, 110x50x35mm
- ”UPPOAVA” Panel 150, 99x40x27mm
- ”UPPOAVA” Panel 300, 115x45x29mm
- ”UPPOAVA” Panel 1200 ja 600, 195x45x33mm
- Spots and spot sets 110x50x35mm
Installation of Led strips
General Led strip installation instructions for all LedStore Led strip types. NOTE! LedStore is not responsible for product failure due to incorrect installation, even during the warranty period.
Please read the following instructions to ensure safe installation and use and to ensure the longest possible life of your LED strip. In addition to these instructions, please refer to the product features and product information on the product pages of your LED strip online store.
1. Use a transformer suitable for your LED strip. The voltage of your LED strip is either 12V or 24V. Your mains transformer must be in the same voltage range as your LED strip. The characteristics of the transformer and the driver will largely determine the use of the led strip, i.e. dimming or colour temperature/colour change characteristics.
2. choose the power supply power to cover at least 10-15% more load than the led strip needs. Underloading is not harmful, overloading is harmful.
- A 14.4 W/m LED strip needs a power supply with a load capacity of at least 80 W for five meters. The power of the power supply is calculated by the formula power of the LED strip per metre * required number of metres * 1.1. The multiplier adds a 10% margin so that the power supply is not overloaded.
3. Choose a moisture-protected IP65 ribbon for wet areas, unless the LED aluminium profile is moisture-protected. The led aluminium profile is resistant to splashing water. Moisture-proof also for dusty areas, unless the profile is used without a diffuser or cover. LedStore aluminium profiles are supplied with a plastic cover.
4. We do not recommend installing the LED strip in room temperatures above 50 degrees Celsius, as this will shorten the life of the LED strip.
5. Unroll the LED strip and check the LED strip by switching on the power for a short time. Make sure that the LEDs are lit before installing the LED strip.
NOTE! If the LED strip is on a roll, the testing should only take a short time, a few tens of seconds at most, so that the LED strip does not get too hot while on the roll and start to melt the adhesive tape.
6. The LED strip must not be folded, pulled or twisted to prevent it from breaking from the inside. If broken, typically one or more of the LED circuits between the break points may go out (LED circuits in series), but the other parts of the strip will work (strip sections connected in parallel). The tape can be repaired by removing the damaged section, and re-soldering the tape whole.
7. The low-current side of the work may be done by the consumer, i.e. the installation of the LED strip may be done when you are familiar with the subject, and purchase a plug-in transformer to connect the LED strip to the mains.
8. The LED strip may be cut and soldered at the points marked on the strip. The tape is marked +. After cutting, any moisture protection is restored with a drop of silicone at the cut point.
9. LedStore's LED strips are always mounted on an aluminium profile or metal to ensure that the heat generated by the LED strip is dissipated and the strip's promised operating hours of approximately 50 000 are achieved.
Installation of led wall lights
LedStore offers a range of wall lights for both external and internal installation. All wall lights have their own power supply in the body of the luminaire and are installed directly on the mains. The luminaires are not chainable. Most wall luminaires are not dimmable. Exceptions are the FUNK wall luminaire, and the XL Cubic which have a triac dimmable power supply. Some wall lights are also available with a plug-in lead on request (Led wall light Night, Night Blade and Loop). Installation instructions included in the package.
Installation of Led pendant lights
LedStore pendant luminaires are, for the most part, to be installed by an electrician, as they do not have a lighting socket provided. They have integral light sources. The mains wiring is in the switch box (sugar loaf) in most of the luminaires.
Installation of LED garden lighting columns
Yard pillars are mains-powered, non-retractable, fixed LED luminaires which are fixed by an electrician from their mounting plate either to a mounting foot or to the edge of a terrace.
Installation of LED reflectors
Led mirrors include a plug, so you can install the mirror yourself at home.
Installation of Led track lighting
ZOOM and FOKUS track-mounted three-phase luminaires can also be installed by the consumer, as the luminaire is attached to the track with an easy quick-release fastener. Phase 1, 2 or 3 is selected from the rotary control on the power supply of the track lighting. FOKUS also offers a choice of colour temperature.
Installation of LED luminaires - enclosure classifications, dust and moisture protection
LedStore luminaires and ballasts/power supplies have a wide range of enclosure classes to suit different needs and spaces. Moisture and dust protection ranges from IP21 (direct overhead drip-proof, for dry installation) to IP67 (dust and waterproof). The picture below shows examples of installation locations in the home yard, and examples of LedStore products that are suitable for them.
When installing in damp areas, we recommend that you follow the guidelines/regulations issued by Tukes, for example, on the placement of electrical equipment in bathrooms and showers in residential buildings.
On lighting control
LedStore luminaires can be installed with a wide range of lighting controls, from on/off switching, to programmable colour control. The main part of luminaire control, i.e. dimming and possible colour temperature (CCT), or colour (RGB) control, is the choice of transformer/power supply. Almost all our luminaires and LED strip are 24VDC DC voltage controlled, making systems based on DALI (monochrome and CCT, RGB lights), TRIAC (monochrome lights), PUSH DIM (monochrome lights) and 1-10V (monochrome lights) controls compatible with our lights.
In addition, wireless control systems are compatible with RF (radio frequency) (closed loop, "basic" wireless control systems). RF Zigbee based (open standard) control systems. For these methods we have buttons and receivers / transformers with receiver in our own range. We are happy to help you with all your lighting control needs!
Home control systems, for which we have the lights:
-on/off for virtually all lighting systems
- for dimming of triac-powered luminaires, i.e. most of our luminaires, we use TRIAC transformers such as Casambi, Plejd, etc. as dimming technology, and DALI transformers are available for panels, spots, LED strips for installation in KNX systems, etc.
- Colour temperature control CCT or colour adjustable RGB transformer types DALI, RF Zigbee, "basic" RF. Bridges and applications for the Zigbee protocol are available from Philips, Samsung, Tuya, IKEA, Google, Home Assistant, etc.
We have more information about the dimming here: https://ledstore.fi/info/himmennys
You can find a lot of information about smart control in our blog posts, by searching for the word Zigbee in the content. Or find information by visiting the Zigbee category.